Fascism - Spring 2020 - Dr. Gordana-Dana Grozdanic and Dr. Thomas Patteson
(Fascism SP20)

The recent global resurgence of far-right movements inevitably elicits analogies with the spread of fascism in Europe (and elsewhere) in the two decades preceding the Second World War. How justified are these analogies? What is fascism? When did it emerge? Why was its appeal so strong that it was able to attract millions and establish itself as a dominant ideology in numerous European states? On the other hand, what challenges faced the international anti-fascist resistance movement, whose scope, dedication and sacrifice found an unprecedented expression of solidarity during the Spanish Civil War? In this course, we offer a timely re-evaluation of the historical phenomenon of fascism by examining primary sources and documents written by its ideologues and sympathizers, as well as the literary, philosophical, artistic and musical responses it provoked. The seminar material will include the writings of the Italian futurists and Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, Alfred Rosenberg, Theodor Adorno, Walter Benjamin, and George Orwell, as well as the music of Carl Orff, Hanns Eisler, and others.